State lemon laws and the Federal Warranty Law provide financial protection to consumers stuck with defective motor vehicles that cannot be repaired during a reasonable number of repair service calls or a reasonable period. When repeated attempts to remedy the problem with your vehicle fail, you might have a defective transmission, engine, or other uncorrectable mechanical issue.
Many state lemon laws are modeled after the federal Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act. This federal warranty statute provides financial protection to consumers who purchase products with a retail price over a certain threshold that offer a warranty (motor vehicles will always exceed this amount). The federal law also facilitates lawsuits by consumers by providing for an award of attorney fees to those who are successful in pursuing a legal claim.
A separate legal grounds for relief comes from the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), which also is a federal law upon which many state laws have been modeled. This set of laws apply to the sale of products by providing consumers the right to vehicle replacement or a refund depending on the jurisdiction and circumstances. However, the UCC does not provide a definition of what constitutes a “lemon,” so specific case law of your state will impact whether you can successfully bring a lawsuit. Generally, state lemon laws and the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act offer a more complete legal remedies.